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Артриты у лошадей

Б. Стерджон

Виды артритов

После того как был поставлен диагноз артрит, ветеринарный врач будет проводить дальнейшие исследования, чтобы определить тип заболевания. Существует три основных типа артритов:

  • Артриты.
  • Остеоартриты.
  • Дегенеративные заболевания суставов.

Хотя они очень похожи, необходимо понимать различия между ними, так как прогноз и лечение для каждого заболевания разные.

АРТРИТ

Термин артрит используют для описания любого воспалительного заболевания, затрагивающего сустав. Он может быть вызван любой травмой, от инфекции до перелома.

ОСТЕОАРТРИТЫ

Остеоартрит — специфический термин, описывающий стойкое и прогрессирующее разрушение суставного хряща. Диагностика остеоартрита обычно базируется на рентгенографических признаках изменений кости.

Остеоартрит описывается как первичный, когда его причины не определены, и как вторичный, когда причинные факторы могут быть выявлены. Это наиболее частый артритный синдром у лошадей, и используется практически только этот термин.

ДЕГЕНЕРАТИВНОЕ ЗАБОЛЕВАНИЕ СУСТАВОВ

Этот термин описывает как первичный, так и вторичный остеоартрит. Хотя основным признаком остеоартрита является потеря суставного хряща, вначале она может отсутствовать. Таким же образом не всегда отсутствие суставного хряща или его потеря ведет к развитию остеоартрита.

ОСТЕОАРТРИТ У ЛОШАДЕЙ

Остеоартриты у лошадей можно дальше классифицировать в зависимости от вовлеченного сустава и предрасполагающих факторов. Сюда относят:

  • Остеоартрит суставов с высокой степенью подвижности (например, путового, коленного и локтевого суставов), где заболевание обусловлено постоянным чрезмерным растяжением и нагрузкой сустава.
  • Остеоартрит сильно нагруженных суставов с низкой степенью подвижности, который возникает в области венечного сустава, — «жабка» и в скакательном суставе — «костный шпат».
  • Остеоартрит, развившийся вторично предрасполагающим факторам (например, внутрисуставному перелому, суставным инфекциям, расслаивающему остеохондриту) и возникающий в любом суставе.
  • Непрогрессирующее эрозивное повреждение хряща, иногда обнаруживаемое во время исследования хряща, при котором причина не выявлена.

Хотя такая классификация имеет большое значение, важнее определить, с каким типом остеоартрита вы как владелец столкнулись у свой лошади. Система классификации помогает нам в этом. Например, если вы владелец часто выступающих лошадей (скаковых лошадей), постоянное участие в скачках лошади с развивающимся скелетом предрасполагает к повреждению суставов с высокой степенью подвижности. Частые области повреждения у скаковых лошадей — это запястный сустав либо на уровне лучевых костей, либо маленьких суставных костей (особенно третьей запястной кости), путовый сустав. В таких случаях повреждение хряща и дегенеративные изменения субхондральной кости могут приводить не только к развитию артрита, но также предшествовать возникновению перелома.

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20061-20080 : 20081-20100 : 20101-20120 : 20121-20140 : 20141-20160 : 20161-20180 : 20181-20200 : 20201-20220 : 20221-20240 : 20241-20260 : 20261-20280 : 20281-20300 : 20301-20320 : 20321-20340 : 20341-20360 : 20361-20380 : 20381-20400 : 20401-20420 : 20421-20440 : 20441-20460 : 20461-20480 : 20481-20500 : 20501-20520 : 20521-20540 : 20541-20560 : 20561-20580 : 20581-20600 : 20601-20620 : 20621-20640 : 20641-20660 : 20661-20680 : 20681-20700 : 20701-20720 : 20721-20740 : 20741-20760 : 20761-20780 : 20781-20800 : 20801-20820 : 20821-20840 : 20841-20860 : 20861-20880 : 20881-20900 : 20901-20920 : 20921-20940 : 20941-20960 : 20961-20980 : 20981-21000 : 21001-21020 : 21021-21040 : 21041-21060 : 21061-21080 : 21081-21100 : 21101-21120 : 21121-21140 : 21141-21160 : 21161-21180 : 21181-21200 : 21201-21220 : 21221-21240 : 21241-21260 : 21261-21280 : 21281-21300 : 21301-21320 : 21321-21340 : 21341-21360 : 21361-21380 : 21381-21400 : 21401-21420 : 21421-21440 : 21441-21460 : 21461-21480 : 21481-21500 : 21501-21520 : 21521-21540 : 21541-21560 : 21561-21580 : 21581-21600 : 21601-21620 : 21621-21640 : 21641-21660 : 21661-21680 : 21681-21700 : 21701-21720 : 21721-21740 : 21741-21760 : 21761-21780 : 21781-21800 : 21801-21820 : 21821-21840 : 21841-21860 : 21861-21880 : 21881-21900 : 21901-21920 : 21921-21940 : 21941-21960 : 21961-21980 : 21981-22000 : 22001-22020 : 22021-22040 : 22041-22060 : 22061-22080 : 22081-22100 : 22101-22120 : 22121-22140 : 22141-22160 : 22161-22180 : 22181-22200 : 22201-22220 : 22221-22240 : 22241-22260 : 22261-22280 : 22281-22300 : 22301-22320 : 22321-22340 : 22341-22360 : 22361-22380 : 22381-22400 : 22401-22420 : 22421-22440 : 22441-22460 : 22461-22480 : 22481-22500 : 22501-22520 : 22521-22540 : 22541-22560 : 22561-22580 : 22581-22600 : 22601-22620 : 22621-22640 : 22641-22660 : 22661-22680 : 22681-22700 : 22701-22720 : 22721-22740 : 22741-22760 : 22761-22780 : 22781-22800 : 22801-22820 : 22821-22840 : 22841-22860 : 22861-22880 : 22881-22900 : 22901-22920 : 22921-22940 : 22941-22960 : 22961-22980 : 22981-23000 : 23001-23020 : 23021-23040 : 23041-23060 : 23061-23080 : 23081-23100 : 23101-23120 : 23121-23140 : 23141-23160 : 23161-23180 : 23181-23200 : 23201-23220 : 23221-23240 : 23241-23260 : 23261-23280 : 23281-23300 : 23301-23320 : 23321-23340 : 23341-23360 : 23361-23380 : 23381-23400 : 23401-23420 : 23421-23440 : 23441-23460 : 23461-23480 : 23481-23500 : 23501-23520 : 23521-23540 : 23541-23560 : 23561-23580 : 23581-23600 : 23601-23620 : 23621-23640 : 23641-23660 : 23661-23680 : 23681-23700 : 23701-23720 : 23721-23740 : 23741-23760 : 23761-23780 : 23781-23800 : 23801-23820 : 23821-23840 : 23841-23860 : 23861-23880 : 23881-23900 : 23901-23920 : 23921-23940 : 23941-23960 : 23961-23980 : 23981-24000 : 24001-24020 : 24021-24040 : 24041-24060 : 24061-24080 : 24081-24100 : 24101-24120 : 24121-24140 : 24141-24160 : 24161-24180 : 24181-24200 : 24201-24220 : 24221-24240 : 24241-24253 : Все
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Автор:Гость
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