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–усско-английский
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—татьи, книги
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и их обсуждение

—ловарь-справочник
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—татьи, книги о лошад€х и их обсуждение


—татьи о лошад€х

јртриты у лошадей

Ѕ. —терджон

¬иды артритов

ѕосле того как был поставлен диагноз артрит, ветеринарный врач будет проводить дальнейшие исследовани€, чтобы определить тип заболевани€. —уществует три основных типа артритов:

  • јртриты.
  • ќстеоартриты.
  • ƒегенеративные заболевани€ суставов.

’от€ они очень похожи, необходимо понимать различи€ между ними, так как прогноз и лечение дл€ каждого заболевани€ разные.

ј–“–»“

“ермин артрит используют дл€ описани€ любого воспалительного заболевани€, затрагивающего сустав. ќн может быть вызван любой травмой, от инфекции до перелома.

ќ—“≈ќј–“–»“џ

ќстеоартрит Ч специфический термин, описывающий стойкое и прогрессирующее разрушение суставного хр€ща. ƒиагностика остеоартрита обычно базируетс€ на рентгенографических признаках изменений кости.

ќстеоартрит описываетс€ как первичный, когда его причины не определены, и как вторичный, когда причинные факторы могут быть вы€влены. Ёто наиболее частый артритный синдром у лошадей, и используетс€ практически только этот термин.

ƒ≈√≈Ќ≈–ј“»¬Ќќ≈ «јЅќЋ≈¬јЌ»≈ —”—“ј¬ќ¬

Ётот термин описывает как первичный, так и вторичный остеоартрит. ’от€ основным признаком остеоартрита €вл€етс€ потер€ суставного хр€ща, вначале она может отсутствовать. “аким же образом не всегда отсутствие суставного хр€ща или его потер€ ведет к развитию остеоартрита.

ќ—“≈ќј–“–»“ ” ЋќЎјƒ≈…

ќстеоартриты у лошадей можно дальше классифицировать в зависимости от вовлеченного сустава и предрасполагающих факторов. —юда относ€т:

  • ќстеоартрит суставов с высокой степенью подвижности (например, путового, коленного и локтевого суставов), где заболевание обусловлено посто€нным чрезмерным раст€жением и нагрузкой сустава.
  • ќстеоартрит сильно нагруженных суставов с низкой степенью подвижности, который возникает в области венечного сустава, Ч Ђжабкаї и в скакательном суставе Ч Ђкостный шпатї.
  • ќстеоартрит, развившийс€ вторично предрасполагающим факторам (например, внутрисуставному перелому, суставным инфекци€м, расслаивающему остеохондриту) и возникающий в любом суставе.
  • Ќепрогрессирующее эрозивное повреждение хр€ща, иногда обнаруживаемое во врем€ исследовани€ хр€ща, при котором причина не вы€влена.

’от€ така€ классификаци€ имеет большое значение, важнее определить, с каким типом остеоартрита вы как владелец столкнулись у свой лошади. —истема классификации помогает нам в этом. Ќапример, если вы владелец часто выступающих лошадей (скаковых лошадей), посто€нное участие в скачках лошади с развивающимс€ скелетом предрасполагает к повреждению суставов с высокой степенью подвижности. „астые области повреждени€ у скаковых лошадей Ч это зап€стный сустав либо на уровне лучевых костей, либо маленьких суставных костей (особенно третьей зап€стной кости), путовый сустав. ¬ таких случа€х повреждение хр€ща и дегенеративные изменени€ субхондральной кости могут приводить не только к развитию артрита, но также предшествовать возникновению перелома.

—ледующа€ страница >>

—траница 1 : 2 : 3 : 4 : 5 : 6 : 7 : 8 : ¬се
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